Management of weight is important because many diseases are due to being overweight and obesity. Obesity is the result of over nutrition. Obesity means having excess fat tissue that is more than that required for optimal functioning. An obese individual has shorter life expectancy than the individual having normal weight. They are more at risk of developing heart diseases, diabetes, hypertension and also respiratory problems.
The objective of weight management program is to maintain ideal body weight which is desirable weight according to height and body frame of an individual.
Weight loss program aims at the following:
Slow and gradual reduction of body weight till it is closer to ideal body weight.
Maintenance of weight loss achieved.
Prevention of complications like heart diseases, diabetes and so on.
The nutritional needs are modified according to the weight of the indiividual.
Obesity is a product of energy imbalance in the body, so modification in the energy (calorie) needs are important. The modification in energy is not the same in every individual. A good dietician works closely to know the energy needs of a particular individual. Diets in weight loss program are designed in a way so that it can provide enough protein, vitamins, minerals, fibre, energy and fat.
Weight gain program aims at following:
Slow and gradual increase in body weight till it is closer to ideal body weight.
Maintenance of weight gain achieved.
The nutritional needs are modified according to the weight of the individual.
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by an elevation of blood sugar levels.
Diabetes type 1: In this body is dependent upon insulin doses from outside source. It is common in young children and adolescents.
Diabetes type 2: In this there is lack or insufficiency of insulin in the body which can be brought under control by either diet alone or combination of diet and certain drugs. It is commonly observed in adults who are overweight.
Diet in insulin dependent diabetes is adjusted according to the type of insulin dose being taken.
DM is a progressive disease, which is there for life. No one can cure it but one can keep it under control. In most of the cases diabetes can be kept under control by diet alone.
The objectives of diabetes management program are:
To maintain ideal body weight and general well-being
To keep the person relatively free of symptoms
To prevent further complications