Psychological counseling includes unconditional, unbiased, and non-judgmental listening by the counseling psychologist; and thereafter giving advice, suggestions, or just guidance as per the need of the hour. Stigma against mental illness can keep people from acknowledging problems and seeking help. Public stigma has been found to be related to self-stigma, attitudes towards counseling, and willingness to seek help. The relationship between a counselor and patient is the feelings and attitudes they have towards one another, and the manner in which those feelings and attitudes are expressed. Some theorists have suggested that the relationship may be thought of in three parts: transference and countertransference, working alliance, and the real or personal relationship. Other theorists argue that the concepts of transference and counter-transference are outdated and inadequate.